Published : 2021-08-24

The use of modified silica to control the morphology of polyamide 11 and poly(phenylene oxide) blends

Abstract

Silica having amine functional groups (A-SiO2) obtained by the sol-gel process was used to improve compatibility of polyamide 11 and poly(phenylene oxide) (PA11/PPO 80/20) blend via reactive extrusion in a co-rotating twin screw extruder. Amine functional groups of A-SiO2 can react with the carboxyl groups of PA11 to form graft copolymer with PA11 which can efficiently control the phase morphology of the blend. Silica, thanks to the reinforcing effect, significantly increased stiffness of PA11/PPO blend. On the other hand, it greatly improved impact strength and reduced the crystallinity without affecting the crystallization temperature of PA11due to excellent compatibilizing effect. SEM results showed that despite the lower content of PPO, it formed a continuous phase and PA11 - a dispersed. The addition of A-SiO2 changed the morphology from the droplet-matrix to co-continuous with interpenetrating phases. The greatest size-reduction of both phases, reflecting the highest impact toughness, was observed for the content of 3 wt % A-SiO2. With a higher silica loading, phase inversion was observed with the reappearance of the droplet structure, resulting in a slight decrease in impact strength and significant in elongation at break. TGA showed that the composites exhibited better thermal properties as evidenced by the higher initial degradation temperature (Tonset) and the maximum weight loss rate temperature (Tmax).



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Jeziórska, R., Szadkowska, A., Studziński, M., & Żubrowska, M. (2021). The use of modified silica to control the morphology of polyamide 11 and poly(phenylene oxide) blends. Polimery, 66(7-8). https://doi.org/10.14314/polimery.2021.7.3